Hick, Rod, (2017), “The Troika gave Ireland more autonomy over social security cuts than is commonly recognised”, LSE EUROPP, 22 March
The so called ‘Troika’ of the European Commission, European Central Bank, and the International Monetary Fund was frequently criticised during the Eurozone crisis on the basis that it had imposed austerity on countries requiring a bailout. But how accurate was this picture in reality? Drawing on new research in Ireland, Rod Hick writes that the nature of Troika supervision was quite different from the popular image: while the deficit reduction targets put Ireland in a fiscal straight-jacket, they allowed room for manoeuvre in terms of the precise tax rises and spending cuts that would be imposed to reduce the deficit.
- Strauch, Rolf, Rojas, Juan, O’Connor, Frank, Casalinho, Cristina, de Ramón-Laca Clausen, Pablo, Kalozois, Phaedon, (2016), “Accessing sovereign markets – the recent experiences of Ireland, Portugal, Spain, and Cyprus“, ESM Discussion Paper Series, June
- Walter, Stefanie, (2016), “Why austerity is easier to implement in some countries than others – and why this was not the case for Greece”, LSE EUROPP Blog, 17 October