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A ‘Poldermodel’ For The EU?

Van Waarden, F., (2013), “A ‘Poldermodel’ For The EU?”, Social Europe Journal, 16 October.

National social policy programs across Europe have their roots in three different traditions of origin. There is the (partially British) liberalist regime, where programs are the outcome of supply and demand on markets; there is the (French) étatist tradition, where programs have been produced and are organized by the state; and there is the (Germanic) corporatist tradition, where they have been produced bottom-up by organizations of civil society, in several versions eventually supported – e.g. legally framed – by the state.


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