Dabrowski, Marek, (2017), “How to balance sovereignty and integration in a voluntary EU”, Bruegel, 12 January
The principle of voluntary membership is a central value of the EU project, but it is also a source of many of its problems. How can the member states address those problems in order to repair the EU’s integration architecture?
The European Union and its institutions are often criticised for their supposed ineffectiveness, slowness in responding to various challenges, lack of transparency in decision making and lack of democratic legitimacy. All those who levy such criticisms should remember, however, that many of the weaknesses of the EU institutional setting arise from its voluntary character and the reluctance of EU countries to transfer more powers to the Union. Nevertheless, it is in the interest of all member states to have an effectively functioning Union, which will be able to deliver European public goods to their citizens. Therefore, the member states should be ready to repair the EU’s architecture even at the cost of sharing more sovereignty.
- Seikel, Daniel, (2016), “The European Union In Crisis – Is Flexible Integration The Way Forward?”, Social Europe, 22 July
- Offe, Claus, K. Preuß, Ulrich, (2016), “Citizens in Europe: Essays on Democracy, Constitutionalism and European Integration”, ECPR Press, March