World Economic Forum, (2016), “Executive Summary: The Future of Jobs-Employment, Skills and Workforce Strategy for the Fourth Industrial Revolution”, World Economic Forum, January
Disruptive changes to business models will have a profound impact on the employment landscape over the coming years. Many of the major drivers of transformation currently affecting global industries are expected to have a significant impact on jobs, ranging from significant job creation to job displacement, and from heightened labour productivity to widening skills gaps. In many industries and countries, the most in-demand occupations or specialties did not exist 10 or even five years ago, and the pace of change is set to accelerate. By one popular estimate, 65% of children entering primary school today will ultimately end up working in completely new job types that don’t yet exist. In such a rapidly evolving employment landscape, the ability to anticipate and prepare for future skills requirements, job content and the aggregate effect on employment is increasingly critical for businesses, governments and individuals in order to fully seize the opportunities presented by these trends—and to mitigate undesirable outcomes. The World Economic Forum’s Future of Jobs Report seeks to understand the current and future impact of key disruptions on employment levels, skill sets and recruitment patterns in different industries and countries. It does so by asking the Chief Human Resources Officers (CHROs) of today’s largest employers to imagine how jobs in their industry will change up to the year 2020.
- Papadimitriou, Dimitri B., Nikiforos, Michalis, Zezza, Gennaro, (2016), “How long before growth and employment are restored in Greece?”, Levy Economics Institute of Bard College, Strategic Analysis, January.
- European Central Bank, (2015), “Euro area sees employment rebound”, Economic Bulletin, 14 December