Independent Evaluation Office of the IMF, (2016), “The IMF and the Crises in Greece, Ireland, and Portugal”, IEO-IMF, July
A series of crises hit several euro area countries from 2010 to 2013. The crises, coming so soon after the global financial and economic crisis of 2007–08, and occurring in a common currency area comprising advanced and highly integrated economies, posed extraordinary challenges to European and world policymakers. This evaluation assesses the IMF’s engagement with the euro area during these crises in order to draw lessons and to enhance transparency. In particular, of the five financing arrangements the IMF concluded with four euro area members, this evaluation covers the 2010 Stand-By Arrangement with Greece, the 2010 Extended Arrangement with Ireland, and the 2011 Extended Arrangement with Portugal.
- Arora, Vivek, (2016), “Five Lessons from a Review of Recent Crisis Programs”, iMFdirect, 11 July
- Hinterleitner, Markus, Sager, Fritz, Thomann, Eva, (2016), “The politics of external approval: Explaining the IMF’s evaluation of austerity programmes”, Wiley Online Library, 21 Μarch