Eyraud, Luc, Poghosyan, Tigran, Gaspar, Vitor, (2017), “Fiscal Politics in the Euro Area”, IMF Working Paper No. 17/18, January 2017
This paper provides evidence of fiscal procyclicality, excessive deficits, distorted budget composition and poor compliance with fiscal rules in the euro area. Our analysis relies on real-time data for 19 countries participating in the euro area over 1999–2015. We look for, but do not find, conclusive evidence of bias in procedures in relation to country size. The paper also briefly reviews the literature on political economy factors and policy biases, and offers some reflections on the euro area architecture.
- Tovar Jalles, Joao, Mulas-Granados, Carlos, Tavares, José, (2016), “Fiscal Discipline and Exchange Rates : Does Politics Matter?”, IMF Working Paper 16/230, 18 Νοεμβρίου
- Hinterleitner, Markus, Sager, Fritz, Thomann, Eva, (2016), “The long and winding road to fiscal adjustment: How the IMF judges austerity programmes”, LSE Europpblog, 6 Σεπτεμβρίου